Article en détail     N° 2015/102    Page : 437
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Amnesty measures, the double jeopardy principle and the development of international law

Docteur en droit, juriste assistante à la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme

13 novembre 2012 - Cour eur. dr. h., Margus c. Croatie

In the case Margus the Grand Chamber confirmed the position of the Chamber as regards identity of the criminal offences, in conformity of the Zolotukhin v. Russia case law as regards the double jeopardy clause. However, the Grand Chamber changed its position as far as the applicability of the principle in the context of amnesty measures is concerned, leaving in the same time open the question as to whether the termination of the criminal proceedings on the basis of an amnesty act can be considered as a final acquittal within the meaning of article 4 § 1 of Protocol No. 7. The case is significant, in that the Court, inspired by the growing tendency of international law in this field, declares that amnesty measures can generally be considered as incompatible with the obligation of States to prosecute and punish the grave breaches of fundamental human rights.


Documents proposés :

Cour eur. dr. h., Gde ch., arrêt Margus c. Croatie, 27 mai 2014
Cour eur. dr. h., arrêt Margus c. Croatie, 13 novembre 2012
Cour eur. dr. h., Gde ch., arrêt Sergueï Zolotoukhine c. Russie, 10 février 2009