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The DALO Act – a truly enforceable right to housing?

Nicolas BERNARD
Professeur à l’Université Saint-Louis – Bruxelles
et
Noria DERDEK
Chargée d’études à la fondation Abbé Pierre

9 avril 2015 - Cour eur. dr. h., Tchokontio Happi c. France

The French law on the enforceable right to housing or « DALO Act » allows poorly housed individuals to have the State sentenced to re-housing them and, failing that, to require the State to pay a penalty into a public fund, although such payments will not benefit the applicants directly. The European Court of Human Rights has ruled that this pecuniary way of carrying out court decisions violates Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights. However, says the Court, the right to « social tenancy », enabling the applicant to use property but not to acquire it, does not mean that the applicant has been granted a « possession » within the meaning of Article 1 of Protocol No. 1 to the Convention.

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