Maître de conférences en droit public à l’Université Jean Monnet de Saint-Étienne
(CERCRID UMR 5137 – IDEDH E.A. 3976)
Maître de conférences en droit public à l’Université de Montpellier (IDEDH E.A. 3976)
23 mars 2016 - Cour eur. dr. h., Gde Ch., F.G. c. Suède
In its judgement F.G. v. Sweden, the European Court of Human Rights specifies – on the basis of a constructive dialogue with the Court of justice of the European Union – the obligations incumbant on the partner States in the context of examination of requests for asylum. Concerning the consequences of the conversion of an Iranian muslim to Christianity after his escape to Sweden, the judgement addresses the question of estimating the risk of religious persecution but only from a procedural point of view. Therefore, this solution appears inadequate in so far as it does not take into account the risks of death linked to apostasia in Iran. There remains then the hope that subsequent jurisprudence will correct such mistakes ; the solution could be the recognition of an extraterritorial effect on religious freedom protected by Article 9 of the European Convention of Human Rights.