Article en détail     N° 2013/96    Page : 945
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Terminally ill cancer patients denied access to free experimental medecines

Jean-Pierre MARGUÉNAUD
Professeur à la Faculté de droit et de sciences économiques de l’Université de Limoges,
Institut de droit européen des droits de l’homme (IDEDH EA 3976),
Université Montpellier I

13 novembre 2012 - Cour eur. dr. h., Hristozov et autres c. Bulgarie

Terminally ill patients who, with full knowledge of the facts, agree to take a medecine that is put at their disposal free of charge as it has not yet inderdone all the scientifically required experimental tests are in a position that is radically opposed to that of patients asking to have acccess to products which will allow them to die more quickely.




The principle of personal autonomy, revealed by the famous Pretty v. United Kingdom judgement of April 29, 2002 should, then, be able to work more easely in their favour since their wish to go on living presents less risk for the whole society than the determination of the others to die already. Yet this is not what the European Court of Human Rights decided with the very bad Hristozov v. Bulgaria judgement of November 13, 2012, which ignores the most basic requirements of the




principle of coherence and, thus, mixes the way of doing thinges, streches endlessly the national margin of appreciation and neutralizes the implementation of the principle of proportionnality in order to justify the fact that patients are denied access to last-chance experimental medecines.

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Documents proposés :

Cour eur. dr. h., Gaskin c. Royaume-Uni, 7 juillet 1989
Cour eur. dr. h., Gde Ch., Calvelli et Ciglio c. Italie, 17 janvier 2002
Cour eur. dr. h., Pretty c. Royaume-Uni, 29 avril 2002
Cour eur. dr. h., Gde Ch., Odièvre c. France, 13 février 2003
Cour eur. dr. h., Somogyi c. Italie, 18 mai 2004
Cour eur. dr. h., Evans c. Royaume-Uni, 7 mars 2006
Cour eur. dr. h., Tysiac c. Pologne, 20 mars 2007
Cour eur. dr. h., Gde Ch., S.H. c. Royaume-Uni, 3 novembre 2011
Cour eur. dr. h., Gde Ch., N. c. Royaume-Uni, 27 mai 2008
Cour eur. dr. h., Gde Ch., Demir et Baykara c. Turquie, 12 novembre 2008
Cour eur. dr. h., Haas c. Suisse, 20 janvier 2011
Cour eur. dr. h., Gross c. Suisse, 14 mai 2013
Arrêt annoté : Cour eur. dr. h., Hristozov et autres c. Bulgarie, 13 novembre 2012